Why Drugs Should Be Legalized Essay
The reasons and concerns on both sides of the argument are essential and carefully analyze the impact on society, health care and criminal justice fields. There is a lot of evidence showing why decriminalization is an option. First, it eliminates arrests and sentences for simple drug possession. It also saves court, prosecution and incarceration costs because the government spends thousands of dollars each year to house and feed people incarcerated in federal prisons. Police diversion is an exemplary approach that offers alternative options such as informal warnings, participation in an educational course, or referral to treatment rather than prison. The UK uses this approach called the drug education programme, the programme accepts people with criminal records and can only participate once. Your fees will be waived at the end of the course. “A pilot evaluation of the program found a high participation rate in the program and an 80% completion rate among the participants offered” (Luckwell, 2017). “EDP partners have also reported improved relations between police, drug users and charities. However, the evaluation found that some officials were reluctant to apply the DEP to people who use heroin or crack cocaine and are in fact program targets to have the greatest impact on reducing criminal activity.
Discrepancies were also found in the determination of quantities for personal use versus traffic intent” (Luckwell, 2017). Outraged by the ever-increasing number of deaths, crimes and corruption caused by illicit drug trafficking and use in recent years, a number of people in government and the private sector have called for the legalization of drugs to reduce the problems associated with the abuse and trafficking of drugs such as cocaine. Heroin and marijuana. The programmes proposed to reduce the problem are not sufficient grounds for decriminalizing illicit drugs. Legalization will always be associated with a health risk and a threat to society. Decriminalization could lead to an increase in drug addicts and overdose deaths without appropriate treatment. The danger to teens, while alcohol and marijuana are legal, could also provide an opportunity to experiment and try illegal drugs. “People say you should try to legalize illegal drugs for a while and see what the outcome will be. The problem with this claim is that society is not a laboratory where you can experiment and get irreversible results. (Will, 2009).
What the government needs to do is establish and provide intensive education for the health sector from the community to provide education and information on substance abuse. Studies show that high prices for alcohol and cigarettes lead to a decrease in the use of these substances (DEA, 2003). In addition, legalization of drug dealers would encourage vendors to recruit child dealers who can easily convince their peers to use the substances, thereby increasing the drug`s penetration into society. As long as drugs are not legalized, such a measure is very unlikely or can only be done on a small scale. Proponents of the legalization movement argue that drug use should be an individual`s decision and that the government should not control it in any way. There are two main flaws in this argument. First of all, we can`t just do whatever we want with our bodies, just like a person can`t walk naked down the street or say everything we want somewhere. The government has to step in at some point. Drug use is obviously more harmful than these two unimaginable acts. Drug laws are very important to keep these harmful substances out of the hands of children. As long as drug laws are in place, prices will continue to be higher, out of reach for most minors and even teenagers. The association between prices and rates of drug use among young adults is evident in alcohol and drug use.
1. “Supervised Consumption Site It provides a place where people can use drugs in a clean environment under the supervision of health professionals trained in emergency response. Participants at legally sanctioned sites will not be prosecuted for possession or use of a controlled substance in or near the facility” (Jesseman; Zahler, 2018. p. 4) Australia also has a police diversion program that applies to people who possess cannabis and illegal drugs. This distraction provides therapeutic evaluation, education, treatment and punishment. “The Australian Government Council`s Illicit Drug Diversion Initiative, announced in 1999, supported the evaluation of program development. This initiative has provided a national framework, best practices for program development, and federal funding for the expansion of treatment services” (Hughes & Ritter, 2008). They argue that such a decision, more than any single action or policy, would help eliminate society`s greatest social and political problems. However, these calls are unfortunate and could completely deflect an already serious problem right away. Upon careful consideration, it becomes clear that the legalization of drugs would not provide a solution to any of the problems associated with drug abuse.
There is growing evidence that the legalization of illicit drugs is essential to reducing the risk of drug abuse. Substance abuse is a mental disorder that includes physical, mental and spiritual problems, or worse, can lead to death if left untreated. There are several conditions or conditions that a person may experience while taking drugs, such as addiction, dependence, tolerance, and withdrawal. The term addiction is complex and the meaning can vary from person to person. Addiction is not an act of immorality, but a disease. Dependence is the most common use of drugs, while it is difficult to stop using when withdrawal is obvious. Tolerance is a condition in which a person needs a larger dose of the drug to achieve the desired effect. A person who abruptly stops using drugs may experience physical and psychological symptoms such as cravings, tremors, diarrhea and irritability or, in acute cases, respiratory depression (Hart et al., 2019). It is important not only to educate society as well as legislators or prosecutors about why drug addiction and abuse exist.
This literature review will present different opinions and approaches to understanding why people are or are not in favour of decriminalizing or legalizing illicit drugs, as well as some positive and possible consequences. Decriminalization means that there is no criminal responsibility or punishment for those who possess a small number of controlled drugs (Jesseman; Payor., 2018). This may seem like a threat to public safety and drug policy, or worse, an opportunity for future generations to try these drugs if the public is not educated about how decriminalization works. Despite the circumstances, decriminalization or legalization is the only solution we can find to solve other drug-related problems. As a result, the number of marijuana users has declined, as most people have resorted to hard drugs, making the country a criminal hub for the illicit production of artificial drugs, particularly ecstasy, and becoming a hotbed for the production and export of marijuana breeds that have been reported to be ten times higher than normal (DEA, 2003). In addition, a study conducted in Australia in 2001 found that prohibition discouraged drug abuse (NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, 2001). Second, it allows billions of dollars to be taxed annually on the sale and production. The evidence listed above is about economic benefits that will certainly help the government financially. Finally, decriminalization was proposed to reduce the harms associated with drug abuse and to recognize this approach in various policies and practices. There are several supported programs that can reduce harm among groups of people as follows: Overall, both sides of the argument are rational, although this does not mean that legalization is the solution to the illicit drug problem. What society needs is not only strong law to enforce illicit drugs, but also solutions on how to implement and educate the importance of drug policy to society.
Action plans should focus on harm reduction, effective treatment and prevention of substance abuse or overdose. It should also be noted that drug addiction and abuse are mental disorders like any other disease. Ultimately, government and society must work together not to stop illicit drugs, but to implement drug policies. Second, when people choose to do “what they want” with their bodies, such as drug use, it affects not only them, but also the people around them (DEA, 2003). To put it concretely, a driver who is “stoned” under the influence of drugs endangers the lives of others on the road. Such a person cannot operate machinery or even take care of his children and family as required. Therefore, the argument that everyone has the right to do what they want with their body is simply misplaced. Proponents of the debate on drug legalisation say the move will prevent drug use, citing a report by the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, which found that the Dutch are the lowest consumers of cannabis. They attribute this to the Netherlands` soft stance on drugs, which allows the sale of cannabis in coffee shops and possession of no more than 5 grams of cannabis.